Diplomatic congress in Kynžvart
strategic meeting of diplomatic leaders on the future of Europe
In 1840 one of the post-Napoelonic crises culminated among European powers, caused by divided process of European states towards the Middle East crisis. Muhammed Ali, the Egyptian vice-regent, rised up against his sultan Mehmet II in the Ottoman Empire. Situation went so far that Ottomans lost their army, fleets and even sultan. Young Sultan Abdülmecit I would have been left at the mercy of Muhammad Alí as far as European priority hadn´t been to keep the Ottoman Empire henceforth cohesive. The Empire desintegration would have caused most probably protracted war conflict among European powers which had fought for parts of formerly rich Empire. Due to the risk, European powers like Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia stood for the sultan, nonetheless France intervened more in favour of unsuccesfull insurgent, vice-regent Muhammad Alí. Accordingly, France was omitted from following peace agreements First London Convention concluded in Britain. Due to the act of omission France began to arm and threatened Europe with war, foremost in German Rheinland, the birthplace of chancellor Metternich. The Rhein crisis was perceived very intensively in Europe. Therefore, on August 1840 chancellor Metternich called together his European diplomatic colleagues to find a solution in newly reconstructed chateau Kynžvart.
Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Prince von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein, (1773–1859) was the Austrian Empire's foreign minister from 1809 and Chancellor Chancellor of the Habsburg House, Court and State, 1821–1848. In 1848 he resigned because of an unsustainable revolutionary situation. After three years of exile, he returned at the request of the Austrian Emperor. Watchword of the House of Metternichs: "Kraft im Recht" - "Power in law."